In Estonian, this natural phenomenon is called “virmalised” and people are eager to catch a glimpse of dancing lights when they illuminate the sky. These Instagram pictures catch some dazzling moments in Estonia.
Anne Sulling, the Estonian minister of foreign trade and entrepreneurship, signed the accession agreement with the Paris-based space agency.
According to Aviation Week, Estonia spends several hundred million euros annually on space activities, including new financing for national research and development activities decided last year and a contribution to European meteorological organisation Eumetsat.
“The country has strong research facilities, particularly in the areas of astronomy and astrophysics, with the Observatory of Tartu and the Universities of Tartu and Tallinn,” Aviation Week said.
Estonia spent €330 million (US$373 million) on space activities in 2009, and has been contributing about €1.2 million per year to the ESA budget as part of a cooperation contract signed in 2010. A dozen Estonia-related space development projects have been initiated since then. Tallinn also supports European space as a member of Eumetsat, a contributor to the EU Common Space development project, and to Europe’s Copernicus environmental and monitoring and security system.
Flirting with space programmes goes back longer for the country. During the Cold War, Estonia was associated with and active in the extensive Soviet Union space programme. In the early 1970s, the first Soviet Saljut-type space station was equipped with the Estonian-built Mikron, a shining night clouds observer device. Several upgrades of the device were in service until the mid 1980s. In the mid 1980s, a telespectrometer FAZA (also known as Phasa) was constructed in Estonia for the Soviet orbital space station Mir. The device was used for study of the atmosphere and pollutants.
In 2013, Estonia became the 41st nation to have a man-made object in space, when its first satellite, ESTCube-1, was rocketed off to orbit the Earth. Around 100 students and scientists contributed to creation of the tiny one-kilogram satellite, which was nearly six years in the making. The satelliite was used as the basis for 40 research projects and three doctoral theses.
It is hoped that Estonian enterprises and research and development institutions will benefit the most from Estonia becoming a full member of the ESA – and it will also help develop a smarter economy in Estonia. As a full member, Estonian enterprises will have the right to take part in the ESA technology transfer programme; they will have the opportunity to grow in the ESA business incubators and to take part in the ESA procurements of space science and other programmes. Estonian space institutions may then use the ESA research laboratory and infrastructure. Estonian citizens may apply for ESA jobs and students may take part in the ESA training programmes.
Estonia’s full member status is expected to cost €2 million per year for the country.
Cover: ESTCube-1 by Taavi Torim (Wikimedia Commons).Source: www.estonianworld.com
How did we measure it? We took into account the achievements, their presence and influence in the international media, appearances in global leading cities and the number of international followers in the social media. It is important to emphasise that this is not the ultimate list of either the most important or famous or influential Estonians in the world. There are many others – from conductors to artists to photographers, from Estonian public servants in the EU institutions to Estonians doctors in Scandinavian hospitals to Estonian accountants in the City of London – who work hard every day to make life better for everyone. Merely, we have brought out the names of Estonians who had a larger than usual clout and impact last year – that in turn helped get the name “Estonia” to the lips of more people around the world.
A former TV-executive, Raag shot to fame in Estonia with his first feature film, The Class, in 2007. The film about school violence felt gruesomely real and shook the society so powerfully that it is still stuck in the memories of many. Raag’s film career didn’t come on about completely out of blue – he had received his master’s degree in screenwriting from Ohio University eight years earlier. 2014 saw Raag collaborating with Belarusian and Russian filmmakers and direct I Won’t Come Back – a moving look at survival and a heartfelt exploration into the depths of friendship and the meaning of acceptance. In September, Raag’s earlier feature, Kertu, was selected as one of the 50 best European films, recommended for a nomination for the European Film Awards, by the European Film Academy.
Pedaru hails from a small Estonian town of Kehra and was raised by her grandmother after her mother died when Pedaru was only five years old. Discovered in 2005, at the age of 15 in Tallinn, her 10-year career is the result of impeccable management. She started out on the catwalk during spring 2007 at the Christopher Kane and Marni shows that were followed by a slow but a steady run of editorials in 2008 for V and the Italian Vogue. In the subsequent years, she scored advertising contracts with Gucci and Michael Kors for 2011, where she replaced the first Estonian supermodel Carmen Kass as the new face of Kors, all while maintaining a strong presence on catwalks and in magazines. In 2013, she had a number four ranking in top 50 models and number 17 ranking in income, according to models.com. By late 2014, models.com ranked Pedaru already among the “industry icons”, joining the honourable list of models, such as Alek Wek, Amber Valetta, Eva Herzigova, Gemma Ward, Karolina Kurkova, Stella Tennant, Agyness Deyn and Estonia’s own Carmen Kass.
The only Estonian in this list who is unfamiliar to most of his countrymen, yet whose name rings a bell among hundreds of thousands dance music fans in the US and elsewhere. Mord Fustang’s Facebook page alone has 188,000 fans – the second highest number for any Estonian. The young DJ from Kose, a small village near Tallinn, broke into global scene in 2011 with “The Electric Dream”, and the rest is history. The reclusive producer has avoided media attention in his native land and lived and toured in the US in last few years, where he has also shared bill with Eric Prydz, Paul Oakenfold, Fedde Le Grand and other superstar DJs. Fustang released his new album in January, 2015.
Another name on this list which is still relatively unknown in his homeland, but whose illustrationsspeak volumes in some of the most influential media outlets in the world. Ojala, who draws everything by hand, still lives in Tallinn, but his distinctive and colourful forms of shapes, playing with light and shadow, have been published by the New York Times, Wired, New Yorker, NY Observer, the Sunday Times, Harvard Business Review, Dwell magazine and Le Monde. His business client list is equally impressive and global – one can find HSBC Bank, Intel, Air France and Peugeot on it. World’s most prominent art book publisher Tachen includes his illustrations in its books and they were also featured at last year’s “Stanley Kubrick Tribute” exhibition at Spoke Art gallery in San Francisco. Ojala was also the winner of the “55th Annual Illustration Competition”, organised by Communication Arts (US), in 2014. “There is no point in seeking recognition. The point is to do your job so good that the recognition finds you,” says Eiko Ojala himself.
Among the Estonian heavyweight conductors, such as Tõnu Kaljuste, Olari Elts, Eri Klas and Järvi triumphirate (Neeme, Paavo, Kristjan), Tali stands out as the only female Estonian conductor to make her mark internationally. She and her twin sister Kadri Tali founded the Estonian-Finnish Symphony Orchestra in 1997, when Anu was only 25. The orchestra, now called the Nordic Symphony Orchestra (NSO), still performs five times a year and has members from fifteen different countries. She has appeared with the Japan and Tokyo Philharmonic orchestras, the Orchestre Philharmonique de Strasbourg, Mozarteumorchester Salzburg at the Salzburger Festspiele, the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra and Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, among others. Tali made her conducting debut in the US in 2005 with the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra, but it was the Sarasota Orchestra, the oldest continuing orchestra in the state of Florida, that named Tali as its next music director in 2013 and elevated her international career further still.
There were very few globally influential media outlets that didn’t quote or interview the tech-savvy Estonian president in some form or another in 2014. CNN, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times, the New York Times, CNBC and al-Jazeera America led the pack of international media who wanted to hear Ilves’s views either on the Russian Federation’s role in the Ukraine crisis, Estonia’s transformation as an e-state or cybersecurity. With 43,000 followers, many of them globally influential, on Twitter and almost 100,000 followers on Facebook, Ilves has also a decent fan base on social media. Ilves has sometimes polarised opinions at home. Some Estonians see him as somewhat distant from the local matters, especially when it comes to social issues, yet Estonians abroad value him dearly, noting his international presence and ability to stand out.
Hailing from a small town of Elva in southern Estonia, Kerli – as she is artistically known – is largely a self-made success story, but as always, luck and fate have also played a role. Kõiv was first introduced to music by her kindergarten teacher when she told her mother that Kerli had a “nice pitch” and encouraged her to take part in various singing competitions. By the age of 10, she succumbed into her own fantasy world, brought about by the non-healthy climate at her parents’ home. Writing stories and poems forecasted a rise of a distinctive personality, but her ambitious spirit had its first breakthrough when she won Estonian singing competition Laulukarussell at the age of 15 with the cover of Simon & Garfunkel’s “Bridge over Troubled Water”. Around the same time, she also took part in a Baltic song contest, organised by Universal Music, and her win paved way to global path. However, a couple of years of struggle followed, which included squatting in Stockholm for three months. Her next big break came when she relocated to Los Angeles and after a year of performing and writing, finally got an audition with the American music industry legend, the record producer and executive L.A. Reid, who signed her, at the age of 19, to Island Music Group.
In 2008, Kerli became the first Estonian pop artist – and so far the only one – to break into Billboard 200 when her single “Love Is Dead” charted at number 126. Another success followed when “Skyscraper”, a song that Kerli originally wrote in 2011, but sung by a British singer Sam Bailey, became the Christmas No. 1 in the United Kingdom in 2013. 2014 saw Kerli changing record labels, signing with the New York-based dance music label, Ultra Music, instead. The latter’s artist roster counts such electronic dance music artists as Calvin Harris, Benny Benassi and David Guetta among others. While some may argue that Kerli’s early accomplishments and distinctive style should have pointed to a more favourable stardom by now, she remains the most successful Estonian pop artist in the world, and by far the most popular Estonian in the social media – Kerli is followed by over 600,000 people on Facebook, 80,000 on Twitter and 40,000 people on Instagram.
It has been said by the Estonian music journalist, Immo Mihkelson, that Pärt’s compositions address everyone, attempting to appeal to that shared aspect of human kind which rises above nationality, skin colour and culture – it is as if the music wishes to say that we are all in it together. Indeed, Pärt commands respect and admiration from classical music fans from around the world, from Italy to Iran, and Belgium to Brazil. In fact, Pärt’s music became internationally renowned before most Estonians were aware of it because he was forced to emigrate from his home country with his wife and their two sons in 1980, after a prolonged struggle with the Soviet officials. Most Estonians learned about Pärt’s fame when “Te Deum” climbed the Billboard’s classical music charts for 52 weeks during 1994-95 and was later nominated for a Grammy Award. In last 20 years, however, Pärt has been universally revered as Estonia’s most famous son.
The Heritage Foundation said that despite the eurozone crisis and a half-decade of weak regional growth, Estonia’s domestic economy has proven resilient and economic freedom has advanced. “Since 2011, economic freedom has increased in a majority of the 10 factors, with strong improvements in the property rights regime and the entrepreneurial environment,” the think-tank said in a foreword to Estonia brief.
According to the foundation, the past three years have helped confirm Estonia as a regional leader in economic freedom, reestablished as one of the world’s 10 freest economies for the first time since 2007. “Minimal state interference has been accompanied by a prudent fiscal policy, a commitment to open markets and overall regulatory efficiency.”
The 2015 Index of Economic Freedom, compiled in partnership with the Wall Street Journal, showed that Estonia’s economy was the eighth freest. “Its overall score is higher than last year, reflecting improvements in six of the 10 economic freedoms, including business freedom, freedom from corruption and labor freedom. Estonia is ranked second out of 43 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is well above the regional and world averages,” the think-tank said.
Estonia was surpassed by Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Australia, Switzerland, Canada and Chile.
Cover: Tallinn skyline by Gen Vagula.