02 Dec 2014
The current Estonian Government is a majority government and the coalition consists of two political parties:
the Reform Party (RP) and Social Democratic Party (SDP).
The current Government was formed after the resignation of Prime Minister Andrus Ansip on 26 March 2014. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves nominated Mr Taavi Rõivas, of the Reform Party, to be the prime minister. Mr Rõivas then formed the coalition government. The Reform Party (R) has eight and the Social Democratic Party has six ministers in the Government. While the number of ministries remains the same, the posts of the minister of economic affairs and the minister of social affairs will be split in two.
|Prime Minister||Mr Taavi Rõivas
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Ms Keit Pentus-Rosimannus
|Minister of Defence||Mr Sven Mikser
|Minister of Internal and Regional Affairs||Mr Hanno Pevkur
|Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications||Ms Urve Palo
|Minister of Finance||Mr Jürgen Ligi||RP|
| Minister for Social Welfare
||Ms Helmen Kütt
|Minister of Justice||Mr Andres Anvelt
|Minister of Education and Research||Mr Jevgeni Ossinovski
|Minister of Environment||Ms Keit Pentus-Rosimannus||RP|
|Minister of Culture||Ms Urve Tiidus
|Minister of Agriculture||Mr Ivari Padar
| Minister (responsible for health and employment)
||Mr Urmas Kruuse
|Minister (responsible for foreign trade and entrepreneurship)||Ms Anne Sulling||RP|
The executive power of the state – the Government – is accountable to the Riigikogu (Parliament). Appointment to the office of the Prime Minister and withdrawal of the Government lies within the competence of the Parliament. The Government also enjoys a stabilising guarantee – the right to dismiss the Riigikogu with the consent of the President and call new elections if the Riigikogu expresses no confidence in the Government.
The Government (cabinet) consists of the Prime Minister and Ministers.
The Constitution defines the areas of responsibility of the Government as the following:
The President nominates the Prime Minister who then forms a Government. If the President's candidate(s) fail(s) to form a Government (the Constitution permits the President two nominations), the Riigikogu will name a Prime Minister to form a government.
The Prime Minister alone nominates the ministers, who are formally appointed by the President and swear an oath before the Riigikogu.
Government members do not need to be members of the Riigikogu or have any political party affiliation. However, the selection of the Prime Minister, the formation of a working Government, and the success of a legislative programme depend on co-operation with Parliament.
A Government can resign due to any of three reasons: the death or resignation of the Prime Minister, a vote of no-confidence in the Government by the Riigikogu, or the election of a new parliament.
After the re-establishment of independence, national elections have been held on 20 September 1992, 5 March 1995, 7 March 1999, 2 March 2003, 4 March 2007, and on 6 March 2011. The next regular elections will take place in 2015.